This past week at my church (Rockway Mennonite in Kitchener, Ontario, Canada), I preached a sermon on evolution as part of the Evolution Sunday events and the 200th birthday of Darwin. I received many positive comments, and several people requested that I post the sermon on my blog so they could read it again or forward it friends and family.
So, here it is:
Evolution Sunday by Graeme Stemp-Morlock
So, when I was thinking about this Sunday, I was pretty clear about what I wanted to say and even what scriptures I was going to use, but I had no idea about hymns. Except for one.
I was thinking of singing Happy Birthday.
As I hope many of you are aware, about a week ago, February 12th in fact, was Charles Darwin’s 200th birthday. It’s also 150 years since his most famous book about evolution, “The Origin of Species” was published.
For biology and all of science it’s a big deal. Darwin is one of the greatest scientists ever, and certainly the greatest in biology. To commemorate the great naturalist, there were birthday parties at science societies and universities all over the world, special issues of magazines, radio shows, and lectures, and even a couple excellent articles out there by yours truly discussing the significance of Darwin to environmentalism and modern Canadian science.
But, that’s not what I am going to be speaking about. I am not going to give you a lecture about Charles Darwin’s life, the voyage of the Beagle, the publication of the Origin of Species, or really any of the science that is the backbone of modern biology. If you want more information about any of that, I can recommend a wide variety of articles to you after the service.
I am going to talk briefly about the world’s largest science conference however. The American Association for the Advancement of Science held its annual meeting last weekend in Chicago. They publish the journal Science, and are often referred to simply as the Triple A S, because well there acronym is three A’s and an S, so if I mention the AAAS again you know what I’m talking about.
Anyway, as a science journalist, the AAAS is a must attend and a great chance to hear about some great science, and there was plenty of Darwin-themed talks this year, so that’s why I wasn’t preaching last week.
However, for my interest on evolution and faith, I am going to talk about the AAAS meeting in 2005 that was held in Washington, DC. At that particular conference I attended a session on the Clergy Letter and Evolution Sunday.
Both of these ideas were the brainchild of Michael Zimmerman who in 2004 realized that there was a big problem brewing for Christians. The far right wing, evangelical, creationist Christians were fighting evolution and promoting Intelligent Design, which was bad enough. But, worse yet, the media and many people were confusing evangelical Christian beliefs with all of Christianity.
To combat this misperception, he worked with clergy throughout Wisconsin to create the Clergy Letter which they sent out to a local schoolboard that was considering replacing evolution with Intelligent design.
Let me read you the Clergy Letter because it’s pretty short:
Within the community of Christian believers there are areas of dispute and disagreement, including the proper way to interpret Holy Scripture. While virtually all Christians take the Bible seriously and hold it to be authoritative in matters of faith and practice, the overwhelming majority do not read the Bible literally, as they would a science textbook. Many of the beloved stories found in the Bible – the Creation, Adam and Eve, Noah and the ark – convey timeless truths about God, human beings, and the proper relationship between Creator and creation expressed in the only form capable of transmitting these truths from generation to generation. Religious truth is of a different order from scientific truth. Its purpose is not to convey scientific information but to transform hearts.
We the undersigned, Christian clergy from many different traditions, believe that the timeless truths of the Bible and the discoveries of modern science may comfortably coexist. We believe that the theory of evolution is a foundational scientific truth, one that has stood up to rigorous scrutiny and upon which much of human knowledge and achievement rests. To reject this truth or to treat it as “one theory among others” is to deliberately embrace scientific ignorance and transmit such ignorance to our children. We believe that among God’s good gifts are human minds capable of critical thought and that the failure to fully employ this gift is a rejection of the will of our Creator. To argue that God’s loving plan of salvation for humanity precludes the full employment of the God-given faculty of reason is to attempt to limit God, an act of hubris. We urge school board members to preserve the integrity of the science curriculum by affirming the teaching of the theory of evolution as a core component of human knowledge. We ask that science remain science and that religion remain religion, two very different, but complementary, forms of truth.
As if the letter wasn’t powerful enough, within a few weeks there were over 200 signatures from clergy members across the country and since then more than 10,000 clergy have signed up. I didn’t even know there were 10,000 clergy, so wow!
Building upon the success of the clergy letter, Zimmerman decided that it wasn’t enough for just the ministers to be believers in science and religion but that entire congregations needed to know. So, he started Evolution Sunday which is when congregations worldwide hear a sermon on science and evolution and faith on the Sunday closest to Darwin’s birthday.
That was last week, but since I was away we’ll just have to do it today.
Anyway, the results for 2009 are that there were over a 1000 congregations in every US state and 15 countries, such as of course Canada and England, but also Chile, France, Monaco, and New Zealand to name a few.
So, that’s why I am standing here, and with the remaining time I have left I will briefly explain why I believe that the fight between evolution and faith is completely manufactured.
Let me begin with a story, and like all good stories this one involves the Muppets.
Now, I am a huge fan of the Muppets, have been all my life. For me, it just isn’t Christmas without the Muppet Family Christmas and the Muppet Christmas Carol, so when I heard there was going to be a new special I was excited to say the least.
Well, the special was okay, basically a knock off of “It’s a Wonderful Life” – another all-time Christmas favorite – where Kermit is about to lose the Muppet Theatre because Fozzy loses the money to pay the evil landlord. Anyway, there is a great scene where Kermit’s guardian angel has to convince God that Kermit actually needs divine intervention. By the way, God is played by Whoopi Goldberg, a black woman as God is just an image I loved.
Anyway, so Kermit’s guardian angel and Whoopi/God are sitting on a couch in a forest in heaven, and Whoopi asks if the angel would like a cup of coffee.
He asks how, and she responds by putting her mug below a pine tree. Out comes steaming hot coffee, and she says “When you make the rules, you know all the loopholes.”
I love that.
I think that maybe get’s to an important point about Whoopi, I mean God. God is mysterious.
In the reading from Job, it says:
Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth?
Tell Me, if you have understanding.
5 Who determined its measurements?
Surely you know!
Or who stretched the line upon it?
6 To what were its foundations fastened?
Or who laid its cornerstone,
I believe what God is saying here is beware of your limits. At the risk of sounding like Dick Cheney, there are things we can know, and there are things we can’t or don’t yet.
At my conference in Chicago, there was an interesting talk on the future of cosmology, the understanding of how the Universe formed. And, one of the best thinkers was saying that maybe in the next few decades we might reach the end of our ability to tease apart anything else. That’s incredibly sad for theoretical physicists, but a fact of life. There are some things we just can’t understand.
But, I think just like with faith, while we should approach big questions with the knowledge that our understanding might be incomplete or flawed, we should still seek to know more. How many of us would be happy to stay at a Sunday School understanding of God? How many of us would be happy to read the Bible just once?
One of the best things, and as the Clergy Letter argued, most God-given gifts is that of curiousity, the desire to never be content with a single answer. To do as my daughter Lily constantly does, and ask why. Not once, but countless times.
And with each additional question, we might find another small little piece of the puzzle. That’s how science works: testing one hypothesis at a time and adding another small piece of the puzzle to the massive puzzle that exists already. Sometimes we realize that we’ve put in some pieces wrong, and we need to pull them out and start again.
And sometimes a lone genius is able to add not just a few pieces but an entire section, showing us part of the picture that we hadn’t even known about before. Darwin’s theory of evolution was one of those kind of pieces. It’s one of the most important ideas in science, so in closing I will talk about Darwin and his relationship with Christianity.
It might not be widely known that in fact Darwin did a degree in divinity. He was a sort of member of the clergy.
However, his relationship with the faith was definitely rocky. And, certainly an idea that overthrew the creationist view of a young earth, divinely created unchanging species, and the special position of humans was not going to win you points with the religious authorities of the time.
So, perhaps 150 years ago it was doomed that evolution and faith were going to fight it out.
But, why still?
Since the “Origin of the Species” was published we’ve learned a lot about evolution, everything from DNA to antibiotic resistance to the true extent of biodiversity on the planet.
And, I think even our theology has grown since then. I would bet that my minister mother would agree, considering the odds of her having a job 150 years ago are not good.
An idea that can’t change is one that is doomed to fail, just as we are discovering with climate change that species that cannot adapt are also doomed to extinction.
Rather than fighting the same fight that was fought in the hallowed debating halls of England a century and a half ago, let’s realize that both faith and science have evolved. Let’s realize that we are not Charles Darwin with his simplistic view of Christianity, and let’s realize that we are not the Church of England with its simplistic view of evolution.
Let’s evolve our faith. And, if we can evolve our faith, then what we can accomplish could be stunning. Edward O. Wilson, one of the greatest modern biologists and a Southern Baptist, believes that coupling church with science we might actually be able to save the multitude of species at risk today because of our careless actions. Saving “the creation” as he calls it, is something people of faith and people of science can both agree on.
And, I think saving the tremendous biodiversity that he loved so much might just be the best birthday present we could give Darwin.